Perth and Peel @ 3.5 million

Information regarding Perth and Peel @ 3.5 million and the sub-regional frameworks.

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Perth is currently home to more than 2 million people and this is anticipated to grow to 3.5 million by 2050.

The frameworks

The Perth and Peel @ 3.5million land use planning and infrastructure frameworks to accommodate 3.5 million people by 2050 have been released by the State Government.

The frameworks define the urban form for the next 30 years, limit unsustainable urban sprawl and encourage greater housing diversity to meet changing community needs. They provide guidance and certainty to State Government agencies, local government and the development sector.

The plans – for the Central, North-West, North-East and South Metropolitan Peel sub-regions - determine where new homes and jobs will be located; make best use of existing and proposed infrastructure; and protect important environmental assets.

They set the groundwork for the development of vibrant new communities, particularly around key transport links, including METRONET station precincts and activity centres, within a compact and connected city.

They underline the need to explore and plan for new urban growth opportunities and to redress the balance between infill and greenfield development – currently at 47 and 53 per cent respectively.

They encourage significantly greater infill development with almost half of the required 800,000 new homes – 380,000 at a minimum - to be built through infill development. The majority of these – around 214,000 – will be built in existing suburbs within the Central sub-region and particularly through alignment with Stage 1 of the METRONET initiative.

These are not static documents. They will be monitored continuously and reviewed to ensure they remain contemporary and responsive to Government priorities and community need. An initial review to be undertaken after three years. 

Maps associated with the framework can be viewed on our interactive mapping tool, PlanWA. To learn more about how to use PlanWA, please view a short instructional video.


What do the frameworks do?

The frameworks determine where future homes and jobs will be located, how we protect the natural environment, and how to make best use of new and existing infrastructure to support 3.5 million people in the Perth and Peel regions for the next 30 years.

They detail a whole-of-government approach to integrated land use and infrastructure planning and include METRONET; the future transport network; services such as electricity and water provision; health, education and sport and recreation facilities; natural resources and the green network.

The frameworks clearly define Perth and Peel’s consolidated urban form to 2050 and provide guidance and certainty to State and local governments, the development sector and the community on land use, land availability, infrastructure provision, and staging.

What's happened since 2015?

More than 1,100 submissions were received during the 2015 public consultation period. All were considered, based on:

  • achieving a consolidated urban form
  • identifying sufficient land for homes and jobs to meet anticipated demand in a timely manner
  • protecting employment land from competing land uses
  • redressing the balance between greenfield and infill development
  • increasing the number of people living close to where they work
  • providing effective and sustainable management of water resources
  • avoiding/protecting environmental attributes and areas that provide basic raw materials
  • maximising the use of existing and future infrastructure.

Following the submissions period, consultations were held with key stakeholders including local government, State government agencies and the development industry. Western Australian Planning Commission members made numerous site visits across the Perth and Peel regions to view specific sites and heard more than 100 deputations from individuals and organisations before making decisions on the proposed land uses.

Further work was carried out after the 2017 State Election to align the documents with key State Government priorities such as METRONET.

Why do we need increased density and infill development?

The Perth and Peel regions now stretch more than 150 kilometres from Two Rocks in the north to Bouvard in the south.

In 2010, Directions 2031 and Beyond proposed limiting Perth and Peel’s unsustainable urban sprawl by creating a consolidated and connected city and redressing the balance between infill and greenfield development to 47 and 53 per cent respectively.  Perth and Peel@3.5million provides clear guidance on how this will be achieved through a coordinated, whole-of-government approach to land use and infrastructure provision.

Of the 800,000 new homes needed for the projected population increase, almost half – at least 380,000 or 47 per cent – will be provided through increased density and greater infill development in strategic areas such as around transport hubs, including the new METRONET station precents and activity centres. Most of these will be built within existing suburbs in the Central sub-region.

Are infill targets being met?

Directions 2031 and Beyond established the current infill targets of 47 per cent for infill development and 53 per cent for greenfield development by 2050. Each local government has an infill target it has to achieve and these are detailed within the frameworks.

The infill target across Perth and Peel continues to rise, from 28 per cent in 2013, 31 per cent in 2014, 34 per cent in 2015 and 41 per cent in 2016, the highest infill figure since monitoring began. Most of this infill development was in the Central sub-region. New (greenfield) development has declined with 54 per cent of homes built in these areas in 2016 compared with 60 per cent in 2015 and 61 per cent in 2014.

Will the frameworks affect housing affordability?

The frameworks aim to create thriving new communities and revitalise existing ones, particularly around key transport hubs including the new METRONET stations. It is expected that this will generate greater housing diversity and choice that reflect changing and evolving community needs and aspirations.

Greater housing diversity may result in improved housing affordability. Increased infill development should result in more people living closer to where they work, cutting commuting times and other costs associated with living on the urban fringe.

What is the relationship between Perth and Peel@3.5million and the draft Strategic Assessment of the Perth and Peel Regions?

SAPPR and the frameworks share a spatial plan that details land uses for the Perth and Peel regions to 2050. This has been prepared through whole-of-government input and includes social, economic and environmental considerations and transport planning.

Can I appeal against a decision in the frameworks?

There is no appeal process for any of the frameworks’ proposals.

However, the frameworks are not static documents. They will be monitored continuously and reviewed to ensure they remain contemporary and responsive to Government priorities and community need.

What do these terms mean?
  1. Urban/industrial investigation – land that may be suitable for urban or industrial development but requires further investigation to determine its suitability
  2. Planning investigation – land that will be subject to further investigation to consider its suitability for development
  3. Open space investigation – land that may be suitable for open space purposes but requires further investigation to determine its suitability.
What happens next?

These are long-term, strategic plans and do not automatically change the existing zonings and/or reservations of land, or allow for new land use. They are the next step in the ongoing process of refining and detailing planning proposals for Perth and Peel.

The need to provide land for development, landowner intentions, and the capacity of servicing agencies and local governments will guide the timing around delivery of the proposals. Future development is expected to be undertaken sequentially as logical extensions to existing development and an adequate supply of land will be continuously available.

State and local government planning bodies need to review and refine the urban form shown in their planning schemes and strategies, and maintain the spirit and intent of the frameworks through their planning decisions.


The frameworks will be reviewed after three years to ensure that they remain responsive to changes, challenges and community expectations as the regions develop.

The delivery of additional infill housing opportunities associated with METRONET may lead to the need for revised infill targets and/or staging of greenfield development through the review process.

Monitoring and reporting will inform Government, industry and the wider community on the progress of delivering the frameworks. This will be integral to the practice of evidence-based policy interventions that can respond to the challenges of a rapidly-changing and growing city.

The Perth and Peel @ 3.5 Million frameworks won the Improving Planning Process and Practices award at the Planning Institute of Australia (WA) 2018 awards for planning excellence.

Page last reviewed 27 February 2019
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