Future planning for Mandogalup area

The State Government released Improvement Plan 47 to progress comprehensive planning for the Mandogalup area.

The Improvement Plan came into effect on 12 April 2019 and provides for the Western Australian Planning Commission (WAPC) to establish the planning framework over an area of land in Mandogalup, including the preparation of an Improvement Scheme. 

The improvement scheme will be informed by background and technical investigations and the consideration of scenarios for future rural, urban and industrial land use (or a combination of uses).   

Finalisation of the draft Mandogalup Improvement Scheme is expected to take approximately 18-24 months.  A draft Improvement Scheme will be ready for WAPC consideration by mid-2021. 



Original programRevised program  
  Improvement PlanWAPC approve Draft Improvement Plan
Jul 2018Jul 2018 Local Government Consultation
Oct 2018Oct 2018 WAPC approved Improvement Plan
Nov 2018Nov 2018 WAPC submits Improvement Plan to Minister for Planning
Jan 2019Jan 2019 Minsiter for Planning accepts Improvement Plan
Feb 2019Feb 2019 Governer accepts Improvement Plan
Apr 2019Apr 2019 Gazetted
Jul 2019Jul 2019Improvement Scheme ProjectTender (Request for Quotation) advertised
Sep 2019Sep 2019 Consultant appointed
Mar 2019Mar 2020 Background and technical studies
Apr 2020Jun 2020Delays due to COVID-19Vision workshops
May 2020Aug 2020 Scenario workshops
Jul 2020Nov 2020 Open Days – Draft Land Use Scenarios
Sep 2020Feb 2021 WAPC decide Preferred Land Use Scenario
Apr 2021June 2021 WAPC consider Draft Improvement Scheme and Draft Land Use Plan 
for Advertising
May 2021Jul 2021 EPA Referral 
(s. 81 PD Act; s48A EP Act)
(28 Days - outcome)
Sep 2021Nov 2021 Advertisement of Draft Improvement Scheme (90 days)
Feb 2022Mar 2022 Consider Submissions (120 days)
Feb 2022Mar 2022 WAPC consider Advertised Draft Improvement Scheme and Draft Land Use Plan, with any modifications
Mar 2022Apr 2022 WAPC submits Draft Improvement Scheme to Minister for Planning
Apr 2022May 2022 Minister’s decision on the Improvement Scheme 
Apr 2022May 2022 Improvement Scheme published in the Government Gazette


If you would like to receive email updates and other notifications on this project, please submit your contact details below. 

What is Improvement Plan 47 - Mandogalup?

An improvement plan is a planning instrument which gives the WAPC greater control to advance the planning, development and use of specific portions of land. They are prepared under Part 8 of the Planning and Development Act 2005.  

Improvement Plan 47 – Mandogalup (IP47) came into effect when it was gazetted on 12 April 2019.  Specifically, the purpose of IP47 is to:

  • Establish the strategic planning and development intent with the improvement plan area.
  • Provide for a planning framework.
  • Authorise the preparation of an improvement scheme.
  • Provide objectives to guide the preparation of the improvement scheme, statutory plans, statutory referral documentation and policy instruments.


What area does Improvement Plan 47 – Mandogalup apply to?



The IP47 area is an irregular shape, as it generally aligns with Areas B, C and D of the EPA Section 16e Advice (‘Consideration of potential health and amenity impacts of dust in determining the size of a buffer for urban development in the Mandogalup area’, June 2017).

This land is currently zoned Rural, with a small portion of Urban Deferred, under the Metropolitan Region Scheme.  Under the City of Kwinana Local Planning Scheme No. 2, the land is currently zoned Rural A.

What is the Mandogalup Improvement Scheme?

An improvement scheme makes provision for the improvement, development and use of land for a range of matters, in the same way as a local planning scheme is required to by the Planning and Development Act 2005 (Section 69(1) and Schedule 7).  

An improvement scheme takes the place of both the local planning scheme and any applicable region scheme that applies to the land. 

An improvement scheme also addresses any particular matters or issues set out in the improvement plan.

IP47 authorises the preparation of the Mandogalup Improvement Scheme, and specifies the following objectives, to:

  • Provide a statutory planning instrument through which to implement the strategic planning framework.
  • Provide for a strategic land use land use analysis that takes into consideration physical, economic and environment factors.
  • Provide a strategic planning framework to determine future land use considering all land use options.
  • Provide a statutory land use planning instrument to effectively guide the preparation of statutory plans, statutory referral documentation and policy (as may be required) to facilitate orderly and proper planning of the area.
  • Facilitate the provision of an effective, efficient, integrated and safe transport network. 
What public consultation will (or has) occurred?

Consultation for the Mandogalup Improvement Scheme project has involved engagement with key stakeholders and community members during the development of the vision and draft land use scenarios. Formal public consultation of the draft Improvement Scheme and Land Use Plan will follow.   

Vision workshops were held with landholders and industry and property stakeholders in June 2020. The workshops were facilitated by Taylor Burrell Barnett to brief stakeholders and confirm the key opportunities and issues of the area. Participants provided high-level feedback on the identified opportunities and constraints, emerging values and vision for the Mandogalup area. 

Scenario workshops with landholders and a wider range of industry and property stakeholders were held in August 2020. Across a series of small group, interactive sessions, stakeholders were given the opportunity to provide feedback on the structure and framework of each of the emerging draft land use scenarios. Participants also explored various ways to consider rural, industry/commercial, residential, and a combination of land uses. 

Open Days occurred in early November. These sessions provided an overview of the project in a series of question and answer display boards and showed the revised draft land use scenarios for Mandogalup. Sessions were open to anyone interested in the project. 

What technical investigations are required for the Improvement Plan 47 area?

The project will consider and address all planning, transport, infrastructure and environmental issues, including current and future land use conflicts, and future land use demands and aspirations, that affect the IP47 area.  

It is noted that advice of the Environmental Protection Authority and Department of Water and Environmental Regulation’s LiDAR dust monitoring report is the adopted position for the purpose of the Western Australian Planning Commission considering the preferred land use scenario which will inform the draft Mandogalup Improvement Scheme.

The background and technical reports will be available to view and comment on during formal advertising of the draft Mandogalup Improvement Scheme, currently due to be advertised in the second half of 2021.


What is the Alcoa State Agreement?

Alcoa operates the Kwinana Alumina Refinery under a State Agreement ratified in the Alumina Refinery Agreement Act 1961, as amended. The State Agreement is a legal contract between the Western Australian Government and Alcoa, and sets out the rights, obligations, terms and conditions for the development and operation.  

The State Agreement provided for such things as the construction of the work site, refinery and wharf, railways and roads, dredging Cockburn South, electricity and water supply, the treatment of effluent and rehabilitation.  The State Agreement secures the long-term operation for Alcoa, currently until 2045, with an option to extend.  The land subject to the State Agreement cannot be assumed for an alternative activity or use, unless by mutual agreement while the State Agreement is in effect.


How does State Planning Policy 4.1 affect planning in Mandogalup?

State Planning Policy 4.1 State Industrial Buffer Policy was gazetted in 1997 and has been in various stages of review since 2002. Following advertising in 2017, a comprehensive review has taken place and a refined final version of the policy is expected to be presented to the Western Australian Planning Commission before the end of 2020.  

The final version of SPP4.1 will respond to submissions received during public consultation and recent input from a Working Group comprising State agencies, some local governments, and various associations.

The new SPP4.1 is intended to be a contemporary approach to managing conflict and encroachment between industrial and sensitive land uses, which places a greater emphasis on planning for compatibility and transition at the interface of different land uses.  

What are the implications of Westport for Mandogalup?

The Westport Taskforce is developing a plan to manage WA's growing freight demands for the next 50 years and beyond.  The major ports at Fremantle, Kwinana and Bunbury handle various products that are imported and exported, including containers, dry and liquid commodities, livestock, cars and scrap metal.  

As Perth and the surrounding areas grow, container freight traffic has begun to test the capacity of the suburban road and rail networks and it is vital that the State’s freight connection to ports can meet the growing demand. 

In August 2020, following an assessment of a wide range of port and supply chain options, and environmental, economic and social considerations, the taskforce recommended a land-backed port be built within the Kwinana Industrial Area.  

The taskforce found that the new Kwinana port will need to be operational by around 2032.  

The recommended container port at Kwinana is proposed to be connected by an uninterrupted freight corridor via Anketell Road and Tonkin Highway to the logistics precincts in the outer Perth metropolitan area.  The new port will also be supported by upgrading Anketell Road into a freight route, an enhanced rail network and new intermodal terminals. 

The Westport Taskforce will continue with detailed planning and design to formalise the transport corridors that will support this new freight infrastructure.  This will help to determine the timetable of transitioning freight from Fremantle Port to the Outer Harbour at Kwinana which will occur either in one step by 2032 or over a phased period with both ports sharing the freight task for approximately 15 years.

Early planning is also underway with regards to the future capacity and use of Thomas and Rowley roads.  

The Department of Planning, Lands and Heritage and Main Roads WA will undertake environmental assessments and planning design to help inform new Planning Control Areas, which will ultimately result in amendments to the Metropolitan Region Scheme. This work will be done progressively over the next four years, and will include a detailed community and landowner engagement program.

Page last reviewed 18 November 2020
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